Nationalism-The term was coined by Johann Gottfried Herder (nationalismus)
during the late 1770s.] Precisely where and when it emerged is
difficult to determine, but its development is closely related to that
of the modern state and the push for popular sovereignty that came to a
head with the French Revolution in the late 18th century. Since that
time, nationalism has become one of the most significant political and
social forces in history, perhaps most notably as a major influence or
cause of World War I and especially World War II with the rise of
fascism, a radical and authoritarian nationalist ideology.
So there we have it according to wikipaedia a philosophy that is just over two hundred years old and is largely responsible for some of our more recent explosions of internecine bloodletting.
In British Isles we have many different cultures, the Scots,Irish, Welsh, Cornish, Londoners, Southerners, West Country, East Anglians, Midlanders, Geordies, Yorkshire etc. The Aenglisc
have been English for about a thousand years, the linguistic divide brought about by the Danelaw is still there, the difference between bath and barrth. My parents were born twenty miles apart, yet speak in completely different ways.
We have been British for only 302 years politically ! France did not have a common language until just before the 1st world war, Bretons and Normans are as different again as to the Provencales. Germany did not exist until 1870, Italy was another nineteenth century construct.
Nationalism is a bizarre philosophy based on the assumption that your 'team' is
better than the other team. It needs to create Chauvinism and Stereotypes. I would probably have more in common with a middle class Frenchman or Italian, that I would a working class Welshman or a member of the Scottish Landed Aristocracy, who are supposedly in my team.
A year ago Brown was banging on about British Jobs for British Workers, every other word was British. That has now been dropped as another failed Labour project.
National Identity is a fascinating study, if only for the myths it needs to sustain it.
“The Invention of the Jewish People" is a very serious study written by Professor Shlomo Sand, an Israeli historian. It is the most serious study of Jewish nationalism and by far, the most courageous elaboration on the Jewish historical narrative.
In his book, Sand manages to prove beyond any reasonable doubt that the Jewish people never existed as a 'nation-race', they never shared a common origin. Instead they are a colourful mix of groups that at various stages in history adopted the Jewish religion.
In case you follow Sand’s line of thinking and happen to ask yourself, 'when was the Jewish People invented?' Sand’s answer is rather simple. “At a certain stage in the 19th century, intellectuals of Jewish origin in Germany, influenced by the folk character of German nationalism, took upon themselves the task of inventing a people ‘retrospectively,’ out of a thirst to create a modern Jewish people.”
Accordingly, the ‘Jewish people’ is a ‘made up’ notion consisting of a fictional and imaginary past with very little to back it up forensically, historically or textually. Furthermore, Sand - who elaborated on early sources of antiquity - comes to the conclusion that Jewish exile is also a myth, and that the present-day Palestinians are far more likely to be the descendants of the ancient Semitic people in Judea/Canaan than the current predominantly Khazarian-origin Ashkenazi crowd to which he himself admittedly belongs.
Astonishingly enough, in spite of the fact that Sand manages to dismantle the notion of ‘Jewish people’, crush the notion of ‘Jewish collective past’ and ridicule the Jewish chauvinist national impetus, his book is a best seller in Israel. This fact alone may suggest that those who call themselves ‘people of the book’ are now starting to learn about the misleading and devastating philosophies and ideologies that made them into what Khalid Amayreh and many others regard as the “Nazis of our time”.
Sand's book is a best seller in Israel, even though it largely demolishes the myth of the People of the Book, the diaspora and the Exile by the Romans never happened. Judaism was largely not a racial movement but an evangelical one. Sand advocates the Hispanics and Slavs 'converted' to Judaism.
The foundation of the Jewish State is predicated on a nationalist movement that was founded in Germany in the nineteenth century.
When you take a critical look at Nationalism it is a bankrupt notion. I have no desire to kill anybody that is of a different Nation, only the Leaders of Nations have a desire to do this because they have a vested interest to do so. Then again they do not get shot,mutilated or maimed. When the whole edifice is pulled down as in Germany in May 1945, the Nationalist myth is exposed for what it always was- a mad fraud.
Strip away the myths of Nationalism, and we are left with the basics, our individuality and our humanity. It is really difficult to hate a foreigner that you know and like personally, it is surprisingly easy to hate and kill a foreigner that you have never met before and has never caused you any personal grief.